In the Year 2525

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)"
In the Year 2525 by Zager and Evans US vinyl Side-A RCA release.png
RCA release
Single by Zager and Evans
from the album 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)
B-side"Little Kids"
Released1969 (Truth label)
April 1969 (RCA label)[1]
Recorded1969, Odessa, Texas
GenreFolk rock, psychedelic rock,[2] mariachi
Length3:10 (Truth label)
3:15 (RCA label)
LabelTruth; RCA Victor
Songwriter(s)Rick Evans
Producer(s)Zager and Evans
Zager and Evans singles chronology
"In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)"
"Mr. Turnkey"
Alternative release
Artwork for the German vinyl single
Artwork for the German vinyl single

"In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)" is a 1969 hit song by the American pop-rock duo of Zager and Evans. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for six weeks commencing July 12, 1969.[3] It peaked at number one in the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in August and September that year.[4] The song was written and composed by Rick Evans in 1964 and originally released on a small regional record label (Truth Records) in 1968.[5] It was later picked up by RCA Records. Zager and Evans disbanded in 1971.

Zager and Evans were a one-hit wonder, never releasing another charting single. This occurred in both the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles Chart and as of 2021, they are the only recording artists ever to have a chart-topping number one hit on both sides of the Atlantic and never have another Billboard charting single in the US or the UK for the rest of their career. Their follow-up single on RCA Victor, "Mr. Turnkey", reached number 48[6] in the Canadian pop charts and number 41 in the Canadian AC chart.[7] Another single, "Listen to the People", managed to make the bottom slot of the Cashbox chart at number 100 and number 96 in Canada.[8]


"In the Year 2525" opens with an introductory verse explaining that if mankind has survived to that point, they would witness the subsequent events in the song. The following verses pick up the story at 1,010-year intervals from 3535 to 6565.[9] In each succeeding millennium, life becomes increasingly sedentary and automated: thoughts are pre-programmed into pills for people to consume, eyes, teeth, and limbs all lose their purposes due to machines replacing their functions, and marriage becomes obsolete because children are conceived in test tubes.

Then the pattern as well as the music changes, going up a half step in the key of the song (chromatic modulation) from A-flat minor to A minor. For the next two millennia, the tone of the song turns apocalyptic as the pattern of the lyrics break: the year 7510 marks the date by which the Second Coming will have happened,[citation needed] and the Last Judgment occurs one millennium later.

By 9595, with the song now in B flat minor and the pattern returning, the Earth becomes completely depleted of resources, with the narrator uncertainly speculating that this results in the death of humankind.

The song ends after 10,000 years. By that time, humans have finally become extinct. But the narrator notes that somewhere 'so very far away', possibly in an alternative universe, the scenarios told in the song have still yet to play out, as the song repeats from the top (but in the same key, tone, and speed as the previous verse) and the recording fades out.[9]

The overriding theme, of a world doomed by its passive acquiescence to and overdependence on its own overdone technologies, struck a resonant chord in millions of people around the world in the late 1960s.[10] The song was number one on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart during the Apollo 11 moon landing. The song's subtitle, "Exordium and Terminus", means "beginning and end".


The song was recorded primarily in one take in 1968, at a studio in a cow pasture in Odessa, Texas.[11] Members of the Odessa Symphony also participated in the recording.


  • Denny Zager & Rick Evans – acoustic guitars & vocals
  • Mark Dalton – bass guitar
  • Dave Trupp – drums
  • The Odessa Symphony – additional instruments
  • Tommy Allsup – producer[12]

The record had regional success so RCA Records picked it up for a national release. RCA producer Ethel Gabriel was tasked with enhancing the sound and arrangement. The track went to number 1 on the U.S. charts within three weeks of release.[13]


The song has been covered at least 60 times in seven languages, including an Italian version recorded by Zager and Evans called "Nell'Anno 2033".[14][15]

It was included in a Clear Channel memorandum, distributed by Clear Channel Communications to every radio station owned by the company, which contained 165 songs considered to be "lyrically questionable" following the September 11, 2001, attacks.[16]

In a later Zager and Evans song, "Yeah 32" (1970), the narrator in one verse mentions writing a song and calling it "In the Year 2525 or something like that" and notes that "if it sells, then I'll do well and pay this woman back". "Yeah 32" was released as the B-side of "Help One Man Today", which like all of their post-"2525" releases failed to chart in the US or the UK.

Two lines of the song are sung by the inmate Murphy in the 1992 movie Alien 3 immediately prior to his death. The song was rewritten and used as the introductory theme for the 2000 TV series Cleopatra 2525. In 2010, it was parodied as "In the Year 252525" in the seventh episode of Futurama's sixth season, "The Late Philip J. Fry", as Fry, Professor Farnsworth and Bender travel forwards through time to find a period in which the backwards time machine has been invented.[17] The song acts as an aesthetic theme to the film Gentlemen Broncos.[18]

Chart history[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Zager And Evans - In The Year 2525 (Exordium And Terminus)". Retrieved March 23, 2020 – via
  2. ^ "Zager & Evans - In The Year 2525". Discogs. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  3. ^ The Hot 100, Week of July 12, 1969 – Billboard.
  4. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 236. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  5. ^ Miller, Nathaniel (19 August 2011). "Hit song of 1969 recorded in Odessa". News OK. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  6. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles - November 8, 1969" (PDF).
  7. ^ "RPM Top 50 Adult - November 8, 1969" (PDF).
  8. ^ "RPM Top 100 Singles - January 10, 1970" (PDF).
  9. ^ a b Laffer, William D. (July 22, 1969). "'In the Year 2525' Began in the Year 1965: The Anatomy of a No. 1 Record". The Milwaukee Journal.
  10. ^ Reynolds, Tom (2005). I Hate Myself and Want to Die: The 52 Most Depressing Songs You've Ever Heard. Milsons Point, N.S.W.: Random House. p. 85. ISBN 1-74166-020-3.
  11. ^ "Drummer on only No. 1 hit to come out of Lincoln dies at 72 | Local". 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  12. ^ Forte, Dan. "Tommy Allsup 1931-2017: From Buddy Holly to Bob Wills".
  13. ^ "Zager and Evans | Way Back Attack". Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  14. ^ "All versions of Some musics". 30 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
  15. ^ "Zager & Evans Nell'anno 2033". YouTube.
  16. ^ Wishnia, Steven (October 24, 2001). "Bad Transmission: Clear Channel's Hit List". Reviews. LiP magazine. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  17. ^ "Futurama in the year 105105 time machine song". Vimeo. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  18. ^ "Hear me out: why Gentlemen Broncos isn’t a bad movie" by Ryan Gilbey. The Guardian April 12, 2021. Accessed June 3, 2021.
  19. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  20. ^ Canadian peak RPM
  21. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". 1969-09-06. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  22. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – In the Year 2525". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  23. ^ "Singoli – I numeri uno (1959–2006) (parte 3: 1980–1990)". (in Italian). Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  24. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  25. ^ "Official Charts Company". 1969-08-09. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  26. ^ "Zager & Evans – Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013.
  27. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1993). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961–1993. Record Research. p. 264.
  28. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 8/09/69". Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  29. ^ "Go-Set Magazine Charts". Barry McKay. January 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  30. ^ "RPM Top Singles of 1969". Library and Archives Canada. RPM. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  31. ^ "Sixties City - Pop Music Charts - Every Week Of The Sixties". Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  32. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1969/Top 100 Songs of 1969". Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  33. ^ "Cash Box Year-End Charts: Top 100 Pop Singles, December 27, 1969". Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  34. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 60th Anniversary Interactive Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 10 December 2018.

External links[edit]