Palestinian People's Party

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Palestinian People's Party
حزب الشعب الفلسطيني
AbbreviationPPP
LeaderBassam Al-Salhi
FounderBashir Barghouti
FoundedFebruary 1982
Split fromJordanian Communist Party
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism
Palestinian nationalism[1]

Left-wing nationalism
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationPalestine Liberation Organization
Democratic Alliance List
International affiliationInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Legislative Council
1 / 132
Party flag
Flag of the Palestinian People's Party.png
Website
www.ppp.ps

The Palestinian People's Party (PPP; Arabic: حزب الشعب الفلسطيني Hizb al-Sha'b al-Filastini), founded in 1982 as the Palestinian Communist Party, is a socialist political party in Palestine and among the Palestinian diaspora.

History[edit]

The original Palestine Communist Party was founded in 1919. After the foundation of the state of Israel and the Jordanian annexation of the West Bank, the West Bank communists joined as the Jordanian Communist Party, which gained considerable support among Palestinian Arabs. It established a strong position in the Palestinian trade union movement and retained considerable popularity in the West Bank during the 1970s, but its support subsequently declined. In the Egyptian-occupied Gaza strip a separate Palestinian communist organization was established.

In February 1982, prominent Palestinian communists held a conference and re-established a Palestinian Communist Party. The new party established relations with the Palestine Liberation Organization, and joined the PLO in 1987. A PCP member was included in the Executive Committee of the PLO in April that year.[2] PCP was the sole PLO member not based amongst the fedayeen organizations.

The PCP was one of the four components of the Unified National Leadership of the First Palestinian Intifada, and played an important role in mobilizing grassroots support for the uprising.

The party, under the leadership of Bashir Barghouti, played an important role in reevaluating Marxism-Leninism as a political philosophy earlier than many other communist organisations in the region. It was renamed in 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, to the Palestinian People's Party, arguing that the class struggle in Palestine should be postponed as the Palestinian people are still waging a struggle of national liberation in which elements of all classes should unite.[3] The renaming also reflected a move by the party to distance itself from the image of communism, an ideology perceived as antagonistic to religion in the Muslim world; however, party members still identify with Marxism.[3]

The party was an enthusiastic advocate of the Oslo Accords; however, it now criticizes the "failure" of the peace process, while still defending the goal of an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[3]

In 2002, the party's then general secretary, Mustafa Barghouti left it with some supporters to found the Palestinian National Initiative.

In the January 2005 presidential election, the party's candidate Bassam as-Salhi received 2.67% of the vote.[4]

At the 2006 Palestinian legislative election PPP formed a joint list called Al-badeel for the left wing parties with Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Palestine Democratic Union and independents. It received 2.8% of the popular vote and won two of the Council's 132 seats.

For the 2016 Palestinian local government elections that were initially scheduled for October 2016, the PPP was one of the five left-wing Palestinian factions that formed a joint list called the Democratic Alliance List.[5] At the elections, which took place on 13 May 2017, the Alliance won 5 of the 3,253 contested seats, gaining 0.32% of the votes.

In the lead up to the 2021 Palestinian legislative election, the PPP took part in negotiations with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Palestinian National Initiative, Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and the Palestinian Democratic Union, to form a joint leftist list for the elections, however differences between the PPP and the PFLP caused the negotiations to break down.[6] The PPP ultimately formed a joint list with the Palestinian Democratic Union called "United Left", led by Fadwa Khoder, a member of the PPP's Politburo.[7]

Party leaders[edit]

Other notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Gresh, Alain. Review: Palestinian Communists and the Intifadah. Middle East Report, No. 157, Israel Faces the Uprising. (Mar - Apr. 1989), pp. 34-36. Gresh argues that the inclusion of PCP into the PLO leadership indicated an increased influence of the Soviet Union in intra-Palestinian politics.
  3. ^ a b c "Interview with Palestinian People's Party" The Terminator Line
  4. ^ "News". 12 January 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2005.
  5. ^ "Palestinian court suspends local elections". Al Jazeera. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Palestine's splintered left wing fails to unite ahead of elections". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  7. ^ "United Left (PPP and FIDA) – Mapping Palestinian Politics – European Council on Foreign Relations". 31 March 2021.

External links[edit]